MARYLAND BOTTONY CROSS

How did the Bottony Cross symbol come to represent Pro-South Marylanders?

There are a few slightly different theories pending who you may talk to. From my research here is what I was able to learn.

In the few years building up to the War Between the States; Maryland started to rekindle and romanticize about it's past. The Calvert family coat of arms was reintroduced in Maryland in an 1854 law that called for a new great seal based on the Calvert design. The seal was a combination of Lord Baltimore's Calvert Family Coat of Arms combined with Baltimore's Maternal side of Family's coat of Arms (the Crossland Banner).

Reintroduction of the Calvert coat of arms on the great seal of the state was followed by a reappearance at public events of banners in the yellow-and-black Calvert family colors. Called the "Maryland colors" or "Baltimore colors," these yellow-and-black banners lacked official sanction of the General Assembly, but appear to have quickly become popular with the public as a unique and readily identifiable symbol of Maryland and its long history. As civil war loomed across the country and also in Maryland, the state found itself being divided by loyalties to either the North or the South. The yellow-and-black "Maryland colors" quickly started to be utilized by Pro Union Marylanders. They were called "Loyal Marylanders". They started to wear pins that represented the Calvert arms to signify their loyalty. In turn, Marylanders who sympathized with the South adopted Crossland arms as their symbol of Southern support. The pro South Marylanders were called "True Marylanders". The Bottony Cross (Crossland arms) became their symbol while the Crossland colors of red and white also followed suite. Following Lincoln's election in 1861, red and white "secession colors" appeared on everything from yarn stockings and cravats to children's clothing. People displaying these red-and-white symbols of resistance to the Union and to Lincoln's policies which later made them targets and were vigorously prosecuted by Federal authorities. The Marylanders serving in the Confederate Army wore Bottony badges on their uniforms to signify what state they were from. Gen. Bradley T. Johnson used the Bottony Cross as his HDQTRS Flag.



Interested in history? Do you like to have fun? Interested in Maryland’s role during the American Civil War? Do you enjoy researching? Are you interested in using research to recreate a Maryland soldier impression? If you answered yes to one or more of these questions, we might be the right group for you! The first step is up to you by emailing us! Click here to start!